Sources of Images:

“Confederate Prisoners at Fort Warren” (image). “NPS Civil War Prisons.” National Park Service. Accessed November 2019. https://www.nps.gov/ande/learn/historyculture/npsprisons.htm

Cover of Andersonville: The Last Depot (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Andersonville-Last-Depot-Civil-America/dp/0807857815.

Cover of Civil War Prisons: A Study in War Psychology (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/CIVIL-WAR-PRISONS-STUDY-PSYCHOLOGY/dp/0814207685

Cover of Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Haunted-Atrocity-Prisons-American-Memory/dp/0807164003.

Cover of In Vinculis, or The Prisoner of War: Being the Experience of a Rebel in Two Federal Pens, Interspersed with Reminiscences of the Late War; Anecdotes of Southern Generals, Etc. (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Vinculis-Prisoner-War-Anthony-Keiley/dp/1582183236

Cover of Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Portals-Hell-Lonnie-Speer/dp/0811703347

Cover of Prisoners of War, 1861-65: A Record of Personal Experiences, and a Study of the Condition and Treatment of Prisoners on Both Sides During the War of the Rebellion (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Prisoners-War-1861-65-Experiences-Condition/dp/0788423428

Cover of Rebels at Rock Island: The Story of a Civil War Prison (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/Rebels-Rock-Island-Story-Prison/dp/0875802672

Cover of While in the Hands of the Enemy: Military Prisons of the Civil War (image). Amazon. Accessed November 2019. https://www.amazon.com/While-Hands-Enemy-Conflicting-Dimensions/dp/0807166634

Messinger, A. Hill, photographer. Unidentified emaciated prisoner of war, from Belle Isle, Richmond, at the U.S. General Hospital, Div. 1, Annapolis. Annapolis Maryland United States, None. [Photographed between 1861 and 1865, printed between 1880 and 1889] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2013645513/

“New York Herald Tribune Wagon and Reporters” (image). “Civil War Reporters Were on the Front Lines,” July 2011. Penn Live. Accessed November 2019. https://www.pennlive.com/editorials/2011/07/civil_war_reporters_were_on_th.html

Statue of Prisoner-of-War (image). “National Prisoner of War Museum,” December 2015. The History Tourist. Accessed November 2019.  https://thehistorytourist.com/2015/12/08/national-prisoner-of-war-museum/