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Introduction

My research project centers on Point Lookout Prison Camp, located in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. The prison was opened after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 and housed over 20,000 prisoners–double the capacity that the prison was intended to hold. A number of U.S. Colored Troop regiments were posted as prison guards, interacting with Confederate prisoners on a daily basis. The purpose of this project is to determine the impact that the use of black troops had on the prisoner-of-war experience.